Oneness of God joined its moral vision with the traditional activities, which have opened the way to the triumph of the African traditional religious followers in their expectations of life and spiritual satisfactions. African theology: its history, dynamics, scope and future. Click continue to fill in your Assignment details and make an order. Like Greek, Middle Eastern, and Indian mythologies, the West African mythology offers a sophisticated understanding of creation and humanity. This is why African theology beleives both that God is spirit and that God's presence can be felt and experienced physically. Return to essay, ⁴ In fact, Nyirongo (1997: 16) states, “That God revealed Himself to the pre-Christian African generations cannot be denied. I have opted to include fewer differences not because there are not many, but because more explanation is required. My findings were used in teaching, but eventually I put them together in a book, Concepts of God in Africa, published by the British publisher SPCK (1970). This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). Quick feedback and perfect papers. Carlisle, UK : OM Publishing. These five basic beliefs that make up the African traditional religion are corroborated by the work of Vincent Okungu, who argued that a slight difference might be observed in these component elements with different people groups in Africa to demonstrate the peoples’ understanding of God in their locality. He is the constant participant in the affairs of human beings. In so doing make a list of 5 to 10 quotations you found interesting in these readings and explain why you found them interesting. He has no physical form and is invisible. The number of gods and goddesses varies from culture to culture. BOWERS, P. 2002. Firstly, the God of the Bible is different to the African gods in that he is knowable and relational. Understanding God – Knowing Him Personally Another way of understanding God is to study the life of His Son, Jesus. The critical understanding of God in Zinza tribe: Perception of Waha on God, Mode of worship, Position of women in worship, Weakness of their worship and Criticisms on worship. Also that he continues to speak to all the tribes of Africa who have not heard the Gospel can also not be denied”. We handle assignments in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals, A photo posted by Writemyclassessay (@writemyclassessay) on Oct 13, 2016 at 11:26pm PDT, We handle papers in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals. For Blacks, a God who does not care does not count, and they believe that the sovereign God continues to intervene in history in very concrete ways on their behalf. From these two beliefs it naturally follows that the Supreme Being is seen as almighty; for he has the power to do anything he desires (O’Donovan, 1995: 41). centre (Introduction to African Religions, 41, 42). These basic beliefs are: 1. Oxford, United Kingdom: Heinemann Educational Publishers. What are the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding? The first and most intriguing topic that immediately engaged my attention was the thinking of African peoples about God. Even thoughmorality is the subject matter of ethics, it is most often usedinterchangeably with ‘ethics’. Therefore, we must affirm what is correct in the African conception of deity. God’s omnipotence is particularly recognized in the powers of nature. Answers (i) God is a Spirit. Instead of positively responding to it in faith, he resorted to idols”. In attempting to answer this question we will examine their similarities and differences, and then we will consider whether African concepts of God¹ are more similar or dissimilar to the God of the Bible. of God in any African Traditional Religion is asking for trouble, because the meaning of the English terms come with such a long his-tory, from the Latin, of theological baggage, that it is not at all natural to give space to the African meanings in their context. Instead, they address lesser gods, many of whom have distinct functions. Traditional African belief is … As Christians we must believe that if Africa is to have any hope in God her God must be the God of the Bible. “So for our understanding of God, it is more the mystery, the greatness of God,” said the theologian of St Augustine College in Johannesburg, the country’s only Catholic university. What are the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding? Kisumu, Kenya: Evangel Publishing House. Our knowledge of God cannot be exhaustive, for the finite is attempting to understand the Infinite who has revealed Himself. Therefore, Africa has effectively made its own God. The invisible/ sky which is regarded as the home of God. This personhood is not seen to be manifested physically, but to exist spiritually. God created the tortoise (turtle), men and stones. 1994. ... Mbiti's work inspired numerous studies on God in African religions. Return to essay, ⁵ It is worth noting that most conceive sin to be originally against the Supreme Being, and that is what plunged the world into its current state (Nyirongo, 1997: 61). Very often He “resides” in high unreachable mountains. In this communication he has told people what he is like and he has offered them the possibility of relationship. Neith, goddess sometimes associated with wisdom; Thoth, originally a moon deity, later became the god of knowledge and wisdom and the scribe of the gods; Sia, the deification of wisdom; Isis, goddess of wisdom, magic and kingship.She was said to be "more clever than a million gods". Rather, it seems that there is less of a chasm between God and the other spirit beings, and that the category used to understand the remoteness of the Supreme Being is not transcendence but differing communal responsibilities (Turaki, 1999: 156). The African Traditional Religion is now seen as a possible model for interpreting some of the very difficult issues in Christology. The African understanding of morality is based on a cosmological understanding. Byang Kato (1985: 32) states this point with great clarity when he says, “Whatever rationalization we may try to make, the worship of gods in Africa is idolatry”⁶. In light of the above it seems that we should affirm the similarities between the biblical God and the African God. (viii) God is All-present ( Omnipresent). A.W. African turn to God when in trouble and seeking peace, happiness, and security. MBITI, J. I have never trusted online activities but this is outstanding!!!! Eshu: the god of luck, messenger to the gods, and a well-known trickster Oshun : the ever-popular goddess of love Orunmila : the god of intelligence, wisdom, and prophecy Thus, in this area, we observe a stark contrast between the biblical God and the Supreme Being. Biblical Christianity in Africa: a collection of papers and addresses. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. The African understanding of immortality is tied to remembrance after death. These basic beliefs are: 1. Either way, however, the world as we see it today is a direct result of the activities of the Supreme Being and so it is legitimate to say that he created this world. Noen could have children, and when they became old they did not die but became young again! Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. KATO, B. “In West Africa,” said Parrinder, “men believe in great pantheons of gods which are as diverse as the gods of the Greeks or the Hindus. Christianity and African gods: a method in theology. Since the beginning of time the biblical God has revealed himself through communicating verbally with human beings; in fact, he has done so finally through Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:1-4). Moreover, he is good, eternal and omnipresent. Therefore, we need to be aware of this idolatry and proclaim with great boldness the God of the Bible throughout Africa. African theologian alive today. He does not do anything more for people. The knowledge of the holy. When do you want our writer to submit your order? Obviously you will find tribes subscribing to both sides of this argument. Yet, these are surface cracks which reveal to us the much greater underlying problem of idolatry. African scholars do not present one unified understanding of religion. We can help. Africans believed in existence of a supreme being who lived in mountains, clouds and the sky. The Christian faith knows and worships one God, who is revealed in the Son and in the Holy Spirit. Seemingly, the theological view of God who sent his Son, Jesus Christ, to save us, needs to be further developed in the African understanding of God (Supreme Being) (cf. In many respects he is a pioueer, one of the first to attempt to systematize and analyze, from an insider's perspective, the African understanding of the world in which we live and bow that understanding affects the Africans' view of Christianity. 2nd ed. African mythology permeates Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Niger, Ghana, Gambia, and it has been transported through slavery to Brazil, Cuba, Trinidad, Guyana, Haiti and other South American and Caribbean countries. The term for God in many African traditions is identified with the terms for sky, thunder, rainfall, lightening etc. God is seldom charged with wrong doing in Africa”. Indeed, they can go no further because, although humans can pray to the Supreme Being in certain situations (O’Donovan, 1995: 42), he never interacts with, or personally reveals himself to, the people of Africa (Turaki, 1999: 160). Firstly, Africans do know something about God. Noen could have children, and when they became old they did not die but became young again! The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. Nyirongo (1997: 63) helpfully adds, “The responsibility belongs to those who are physically alive, but more especially to the ancestral spirits who are the custodians of the community”. It is a matter of perspective, whether one lays emphasis on the Supreme Being or on the many . Thank you for making me trust that you are not a scam. The Yoruba of Olorun and the Mozambique legend of Nyambi both illustrate which typical African understanding of the High God? If so, what are they?”. & SPENCER, W.D. God has not left himself without a witness in Africa; no, he has clearly spoken through what has been made. 1975. ... God in Africa, Cape Cod, MA: Claude Stark. In South Africa, God has been experienced as freedom and truth, as comrade and friend in the struggle for freedom. Biblical Christianity in African perspective. This Supreme Being, God, is believed to be the Creator of everything and Sustainer of life. In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions. O’DONOVAN, W. 1995. It is clear that there is much in common between the biblical view of God and the African concept of the Supreme Being. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. eds. Grand Rapids, MI : BridgePoint Books. In African Traditional Religion creator God is distant from man. In so doing explain the notion of the Egyptian problem and the “Greek miracle.”, Finally explain the most important thing you learned from this assignment and how it helped you achieve the educational goals of our course. ... As above, so it is below. God, according to Africans manifests himself in physical phenomena, such as lightning and thunder. This very idea of Oneness of the Supreme Being is … Return to essay, ⁷ It is worth bearing this in mind when examining Mbiti’s (1980) statement, “When we identify the God of the Bible as the same God who is known through African religion ... we must also take it that God has had a historical relationship with African peoples. (ii) God is everlasting / eternal. African Journal of Evangelical Theology, 21(2): 109-126. Of each he created male and female. ... Their history has a theological meaning. The Supreme Being is furthermore perceived as being the creator of the world. I have to say that you have exceeded my expectations. Furthermore, due to the nature of the evidence, its scope must be universal; and so we cannot exclude Africans from this knowledge. Carlisle, UK : Paternoster Press. critical understanding of African worldview, the place of African philosophy and the significance of myths in the reflection of African experience. 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